Cardiac output is a clinically important parameter in order to assess a patient's cardiac function and assist in cardiac diagnosis. Known cardiac output measurements require an extensive and invasive procedure. This patent provides a simpler method of estimating cardiac output from a non-invasive arterial pulse recording.
This patented method estimates the "gold standard" arterial stiffness indicator, PWV (pulse waveform velocity), from one single arterial pulse recording on the wrist, arm, or finger. This method has the advantage of measuring PWV from one single pulse instead of the usual two-pulse method that requires multiple sensors' recordings.
This patent provides a method to distinguish between low cardiac output and severe organ damage in low BP acute emergencies using arterial pulse recordings. The method is a simple and quick tool to correctly identify the cause of a substantial drop in BP during acute emergency situations using waveform analysis.
The more clinically relevant blood pressure (BP) at the heart differs significantly from BP at the upper arm. BP at the heart can only be measured directly through an invasive procedure. This patent provides a simple and non-invasive method of estimating BP at the heart from a non-invasive pulse recording on the wrist.